The Fo shan Pure Land Cave was created by Venerable Master Hsing Yun for the purpose of teaching Humanistic Buddhism for the purification of people's hearts and minds. Construction began on the 5100 square meters caves on the slopes to both sides of the Non-duality Gate in November 1972, and after eight years of work, it was completed on February 5th 1981. Based upon the content of the Amitabha Sutra and Sutra of the Visualization of the Buddha of Infinite Life, it uses the styles of cave architecture at Yungang, Longmen and Dunhuang, combined with Buddhist art and sculpture, to manifest the scenes of the Western Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss. It is complete both in tis artistic and educational value.
During the outset of construction, people asked Venerable Master: “Why don't you construct scenes from the eighteen hells, and frighten people so that they will not dare to do evil deeds?” Venerable Master replied: “I want to build the excellence and beauty of the Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss to make people want to go this pure and perfect place. Isn't that a more positive thing to do?” This was to turn most people's negative feelings of fear into bright and positive concepts.
Within the Cave are the great Bodhisattvas of the Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss, as well as the great Arhats, the Buddha's ten great disciples and others, each figure carved in a most lifelike fashion.
In the central passageway one can see descriptions of how the depth of one's meditation practice, vows and merits, will lead a practitioner to rebirth in different stages within the Buddha's Pure Land. In addition are the three saints of the Pure Land, heavenly maidens playing music, lotus ponds with multicolored lotus flowers, the seven rows of trees, “water of eight virtues features of the Pure Land. After remaining here for some time, one will certainly have the personal feeling of being within the Buddha's realm, and one's mind will ascend to a higher and purer state.